[Milton-L] OK, Serious Milton, GUYS & GALS, Diversity Comparative Lit. Fanatic Scholars, Feminists et al., The Asian Goddess of the West

Terrance Lindall tlindall at gmail.com
Wed Nov 1 13:17:21 EDT 2017

See her here in our collection on exhibit December 17th:

Do any of you study comparative and have any ideas about her and our
Judeo/Christian Eve? Have any of you written about her?

The Queen Mother of the West is a goddess in Chinese religion and
mythology, also worshipped in neighboring Asian countries such as Japan
from ancient times. The first historical information on her can be traced
back to oracle bone inscriptions of the* fifteenth century BC* that record
sacrifices to a "Western Mother". She predates organized Taoism. From her
name alone some of her most important characteristics are revealed: she is
royal, female, and is associated with the west.  She was the dispenser of
prosperity, longevity, and eternal bliss that took place during the second
century BC when the northern and western parts of China were able to be
better known because of the opening of the Silk Road.

Because she was the embodiment of yin, highest goddess, and ruler of female
Transcendents, The Queen Mother was seen to have had a special relationship
with all women. In the beginning section of Tu Kuang-ting's hagiography, he
lists the most important functions of the Queen Mother:

"In heaven, beneath heaven, in the three worlds, and in the ten directions,

all women who ascend to transcendence and attain the way are her

One might consider her as Mary, the Queen Mother of Christianity, or as
Eve, Mother of Mankind.
The Asian Queen Mother of the West was said to care for all woman Daoists
in the universe, both perfected and aspirants. Tang writers frequently
refer to her in poems about Daoist women. In accordance with the Shang
Ch'ing vision expressed by Tu, she appears as teacher judge, registrar, and
Guardian of female believers. Her forms reflect Tu's definitions.

The Queen Mother was held in especially high regard by Chinese women who
did not represent the societal norm of the submissive woman.

in 2016 a Japanese Scroll bySatake Eikai and not as interesting Sold for
£16,250 (US$ 21,526)

Born to a family of lacquerers in Wakamatsu, Mutsu Province, Satake Eikai
started his studies under a local artist before travelling to Edo, becoming
chief pupil of Tani Bunchō. From 1838 he served as a retainer of the Ii
Family, Lords of Hikone, rising to the honorary rank of Hōgen and
continuing his association even after the assassination of Ii Naosuke in
1860. Like Bunchō he mastered a range of different painting styles
including the Maruyama-Shijō-inflected sinified landscape manner seen here.
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