[Milton-L] Scansion of line X

srevard at siue.edu srevard at siue.edu
Wed Sep 18 00:27:14 EDT 2013

Dear Hugh,

Speaking as her husband of 57 years, and someone who is still learning from her
how to read Milton (and lots of other writers), let me thank you for your kind
and true words.  Stella and I met at Yale Graduate School, where we used to go
up into the dim-lit stacks of the Sterling Library and share our delight in
Milton's poetry, and out for some hot chocolate and further communion.  We
hope to get back to such pleasures if possible, and maybe we will again trip
the light fantastic at a Milton conference, whether at the Newberry or
overseas.  Meantime it is very pleasant for us to look through the comments of
old friends and newer scholars==and if any of you wants to look at THE WAGNER
JOURNAL for November 2012 you can read a fine piece by Stella on Milton and
Wagner, with focus particularly on Paradise Lost and the Ring. (She actually
heard Melchior and Flagstad sing, by the way.)

With that I shall stand down and leave the discussion to her fellow scholars
(thanks to you, Lee Jacobus, as one!) and maybe, now and then, to Stella.

Cheers--and all hail the Scansion Squad!

Carter Revard

Quoting Hugh Wilson <wilsonh at gram.edu>:

> Professor Revard is one of the most brilliant, learned,
> insightful scholars of her generation. She taught herself
> Greek when many faculty members elevate their feet and rest
> on their laurels. We're sorry to hear that Professor Revard
> is ill, but your joint contribution to the discussion
> is beautiful, and so is she--we hope she recovers soon.
> Cheers,
> -----Original Message-----
> From: milton-l-bounces at lists.richmond.edu on behalf of srevard at siue.edu
> Sent: Tue 9/17/2013 4:11 PM
> To: John Milton Discussion List; Richard A. Strier
> Cc: John Milton Discussion List
> Subject: Re: [Milton-L] Scansion of line X
> Richard--and MiltonListers--
> I am taking the liberty, as Stella Revard's husband, of offering brief
> remarks
> on the scansion of line one.  She and I have followed the discussion with
> interest, but she is dealing with severe health problems just now, so I will
> report first that she and I seem to agree (mirabile dictu) on a point that I
> THINK haa not really been made or dealt with so far:  the actual blessed
> of the line is crucial to a reading-aloud of it.  This is not at all
> different
> from prose, where cadences, stresses, tones, reveal and change the meanings
> that a reading-aloud brings out.  And it is closely comparable, as Milton
> would
> have deeply and passionately been aware, to the singing of an aria or lieder.
> In PL line 1, a reading-aloud can only be properly given AFTER the reader has
> looked over those first twenty or so lines, thoroughly understood what they
> tell us, and then gone back to offer a reading-aloud.  When I do that, I
> understand and try to convey to a listener (via the combination of metrical,
> rhetorical, dramatic phonation) the grandeur, the ambition, the
> long-meditated
> determination of the poet to set in motion a true epic:  the theme is huge,
> the
> required poetic effort very great to match this scale.  The style, as Milton
> says later when overcoming his own self-doubt and the Drydenian subversions
> and
> rival tintinnabulations, MUST be "answerable."  And Milton rose to that
> challenge:  from the very first line we hear and feel that this poet has his
> singing robes around him, that he is delivering a controlled passionate
> "song"
> on the greatest of themes, one that dominates and directs the entire Biblical
> account of universal and human beginnings and history.  It risks, as Marvell
> so
> brilliantly said, "ruining to fables old" those most central and powerful
> stories of what Christians believed to be sacred truths.
> A reader who begins to read PL aloud is prepared, from line 1, to try and get
> into his vocal performance this kind of awareness on the part of this epic
> poet; the first sentence will go on to bring us to the top of Mount Sinai:
> Milton is taking over from Moses as narrator of Genesis, and his theme and
> his
> style must be greater therefore than that of Homer or that of Vergil.
> So when we "say" Of man's first disobedience," we have to convey that this is
> not just one man's "voyage" (Odysseus, Aeneas), it is MAN'S.  The stress
> there
> is not just metrical, not just poetic, it is philosophic/historic/religious
> in
> feeling so as to convey the high seriousness, the utterly crucial and central
> nature to all humankind of the story this poem will tell.  And the next word,
> FIRST, has to carry on this deep and passionate statement of theme; this is
> not
> just A disobedient act, it is the very FIRST one.  And the listener and the
> reader must understand as this is said that the disobedience is not merely to
> another human, not even just to a KING: it is to God himself.  That is of
> course not stated, but every reader in 1667 England would KNOW this, would
> bring this awareness to what is being read-aloud-and-heard here:  the theme
> here is the disobedience to God.  And in the following word, DIS must carry
> heavy stress/emphasis, because it is the key to what went wrong:  so, a
> reader-aloud must stride strongly along this line, render the three
> consecutive
> syllables with appropriate grave indeed mortal seriousness. The "-oBEdience"
> can
> then fill out the verse before the caesura, confirming the theme, giving it a
> formal quiet statement.
> After the comma/caesura, the reader will "promote" AND to give it rhetorical
> emphasis, because what follows is not just an incredible pun/word-work, but a
> double-force statement about the circumstances and results of that first
> disobedience:  "AND the FRUIT"--the fruit of the Tree of Life, which is
> And Milton has placed FRUIT at the end of the line where the
> reader-on-the-page
> sees (s)he must "carry over" this grandeur of tone to the following line, "Of
> THAT forBIDden TREE whose MORtal TASTE" (think of the range of senses alive
> and
> dancing within those two words!).
> In short, we ain't just "reading aloud," we are conveying Milton's great
> themes
> here.  The sense makes the performance.
> Quoting "Richard A. Strier" <rastrier at uchicago.edu>:
> > It's a wonderful fact -- one with which I have had long and rich experience
> > -- that scansion, which one might think would be the most cut and dried
> part
> > of literary/poetic analysis always turns out to be interestingly
> contentious,
> > theoretical, and personal.  If one has a taste for the topic -- which I do,
> > and Professor Fleming may not -- the contention and discussion is part of
> the
> > fun of the whole thing.  Who would've thought?  I can hardly wait to
> discuss
> > another line!
> >
> > RS
> >
> > From: milton-l-bounces at lists.richmond.edu
> > [milton-l-bounces at lists.richmond.edu] on behalf of Gregory Machacek
> > [Gregory.Machacek at marist.edu]
> > Sent: Tuesday, September 17, 2013 1:43 PM
> > To: John Milton Discussion List
> > Subject: [Milton-L] Scansion of line X
> >
> > Darn!  The subject line made me think we were moving on to line 10.
> >
> > Part of what elicits JD Fleming's feeling is that every blessed time we
> have
> > one of these discussions about a particular case we negotiate afresh the
> > meaning of "every blessed term" (stress/accent/beat; rhythm/meter).
> Efforts
> > to define and illustrate every blessed term carefully, precisely and wisely
> > are book-length and multiple, and people on this list all have their
> > favorites.  Attridge lurks behind a lot of the commentary.  But any attempt
> > to collegially agree on some one of the existing prosodies would, I
> suspect:
> > 1) reproduce all of the renegotiation we do each time and 2) end in
> collegial
> > resolutions to agree to disagree, rather than in collegial agreement.
> >
> > But for all of that, I find these discussions profitable.
> >
> > Greg Machacek
> > Professor of English
> > Marist College
> >
> >
> > -----milton-l-bounces at lists.richmond.edu wrote: -----
> > To: John Milton Discussion List <milton-l at lists.richmond.edu>
> > From: JCarl Bellinger
> > Sent by: milton-l-bounces at lists.richmond.edu
> > Date: 09/17/2013 01:54PM
> > Subject: [Milton-L] Scansion of line X
> >
> >
> > In order to escape the  complaint implicit in Professor Fleming's cordial
> "Is
> > there any validity to my feeling, which comes up whenever a scansion thread
> > becomes a web..." in order as I say to escape this nicely posed complaint
> > mustn't EVERY blessed term essential to this endemically intractable
> subject
> > be carefully, precisely, wisely, defined & illustrated, AND
> > collegially agreed, before any serious discussion can be profitably
> > undertaken?
> >
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> >
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