[Milton-L] Eighteenth Century Fiction - Volume 25, Number 4, Summer 2013 now available

UTP Journals thawkic551 at rogers.com
Tue Jun 18 10:23:31 EDT 2013

Eighteenth-Century Fiction 

Volume 25, Number 4, Summer 2013 


This issue contains: 


Interrogating Oroonoko: Torture in a New World and a New Fiction of Power

Cynthia Richards        


This article interrogates the function and effect of the penultimate
paragraph of Aphra Behn’s Oroonoko, where Oroonoko is tortured and executed.
Reading the scene through the prism of European practices of ritual
punishment and judicial torture as well as New World uses of torture, I
argue that the scene cannot be read, as many critics have, as one of
martyrdom. Rather, the scene emerges as closer in its rhetorical aims to
those articulated by Elaine Scarry in her seminal analysis of torture, The
Body in Pain (1985). As is the case with judicial and modern torture, Behn
deliberately produces a body in pain in order to give legitimacy to the
truth of her own narrative. Yet, in opposition to that brutal practice, she
simultaneously exposes the fictional nature of her own narrative power. She
reminds the reader of the violence inherent in any appropriation of
another’s story for one’s own political or literary ends, and in the process
paradoxically produces one of the first modern, democratic subjects.DOI:



“Black, Patched and Pennyless”: Race and Crime in Burney’s The Wanderer

Tara Czechowski        


In Frances Burney’s The Wanderer; Or, Female Difficulties, an English
heiress escapes Revolutionary France disguised as a black woman. While in
this disguise, she is accused of theft, beggary, and prostitution, and,
despite her innocence, she is ultimately advertised as a criminal even after
her black makeup fades. This article historicizes Juliet’s criminalization
within metropolitan alarm about the alien black population of former African
slaves living in Britain at the close of the eighteenth century. Rather than
merely reproducing racialist thought as other critics have claimed, Burney’s
novel interrogates the idea of black as criminal by exposing how the
fraught, anti-Jacobin rhetoric of Edmund Burke and the class anxieties of
the French Revolution contributed to the entrenchment of this early
stereotype. DOI: 10.3138/ecf.25.4.677



Dangerous Fortune-telling in Frances Burney’s Camilla

Jennifer Locke            


Frances Burney’s novel Camilla is an experiment in speculation. Charlatans
and adepts in Camilla claim to be able to predict the futures of a cast of
children, and Burney invites her readers to try, alongside these supposed
experts, to predict the futures of these young people, whose economic,
health, and educational futures are in flux. By reading Camilla in the
context of popular fortune-telling games and probability theory, we can more
clearly understand Burney’s use of the novel to critique various forms of
projection. I examine in particular Every Lady’s Own Fortune-Teller, a 1791
manual that claimed to offer a new method of using scientific induction to
tell individuals’ futures. Burney’s novel shows the danger inherent in this
combination of scientific authority and reductive guesswork by demonstrating
the varying effects of fortune-telling on two young characters: Camilla and
her sister Eugenia. By simultaneously encouraging readers’ curiosity about
the characters’ futures and undermining the efficacy and value of
projection, Burney trains her readers to read more flexibly and to
understand women’s lives in more complex, contingent ways. DOI:



At Seventeen: Adolescence in Sense and Sensibility

Shawn Lisa Maurer     


Examining Jane Austen’s seventeen-year-old protagonist Marianne Dashwood as
an adolescent provides new insight into how Austen presents, and how readers
have responded to, Marianne’s emotions, behaviours, and eventual marriage to
Colonel Brandon. I work against the conventional opposition of sense versus
sensibility to posit instead a developmental progression from adolescence to
adulthood. In this article, I show how Austen uses the imaginative space of
the novel to depict adolescence by allowing her protagonist first to explore
and then to grow out of the dangers associated with this stage of life. This
thoroughgoing re-evaluation of Marianne’s character challenges the
prevailing readings of Sense and Sensibility. DOI: 10.3138/ecf.25.4.721



Natural History and Narrative Sympathy: The Children’s Animal Stories of
Edward Augustus Kendall (1775/6?–1842)

Jane Spencer 


Edward Augustus Kendall (1775/6?–1842), a late eighteenth-century writer of
children’s animal stories, deserves recognition for his sustained attempt to
offer an empathetic rendition of imagined animal experience in fiction. His
early fiction, including the dog story Keeper’s Travels (1798) and several
tales of bird life, contributed to the development of more sympathetic
attitudes to non-human animals in the late eighteenth century. Two factors
influenced the development of Kendall’s innovative treatment of animal
characters. First, the natural history of Buffon and his English translators
and followers, in particular William Smellie, informed Kendall’s detailed
attention to animal behaviour and to questions of animal mind and sentience.
Second, the contemporary development of narrative techniques designed, on
the basis of the imaginative sympathy theorized by Adam Smith, to encourage
readers to identify with protagonists’ feelings, prompted Kendall to extend
such methods to the representation of animal characters. He helped shift
animal representation away from fable and satire towards naturalism and
empathy. His use of third-person narrative proved most fruitful in this
regard, and anticipated later developments in the imaginative apprehension
of non-human experience.DOI: 10.3138/ecf.25.4.751



Reviews/Comptes Rendus


ed. Fiona Ritchie and Peter Sabor, Shakespeare in the Eighteenth Century,
Reviewed by Nicholas Hudson

Sara Salih, Representing Mixed Race in Jamaica and England from the
Abolition Era to the Present, Reviewed by Nicole N. Aljoe

ed. Marius Warholm et Knut Ove Eliassen, Dévier et divertir: Littérature et
pensée de xviiie siècle, Reviewed by Pamela Cheek

Deborah Needleman Armintor, The Little Everyman: Stature and Masculinity in
Eighteenth-Century English Literature, Reviewed by Cameron McFarlane

Aparna Gollapudi, Moral Reform in Comedy and Culture, 1696–1747, Reviewed by
Rachel Carnell

Laura Linker, Dangerous Women, Libertine Epicures, and the Rise of
Sensibility, 1670–1730, Reviewed by Rachel Carnell

Jennifer Tsien, The Bad Taste of Others: Judging Literary Value in
Eighteenth-Century France, Critique littéraire par Baldine Saint Girons

éd. Christina Ionescu, Book Illustration in the Long Eighteenth Century:
Reconfiguring the Visual Periphery of the Text, Critique littéraire par
Christophe Martin

éd. Marc Hersant, Marie-Paule Pilorge, Catherine Ramond et François Raviez,
Histoire, histoires: Nouvelles approches de Saint-Simon et des récits des
xviie–xviiie siècles, Critique littéraire par Guy Rooryck

Tobias Smollett, ed. Frank Felsenstein, Travels through France and Italy,
Reviewed by Terence N. Bowers

Claire Gallien, L’Orient anglais: Connaissances et fictions au xviiie
siècle, Critique littéraire par Florence D’Souza

DOI: 10.3138/ecf.25.4.775




Eighteenth Century Fiction publishes articles in both English and French on
all aspects of imaginative prose in the period 1700–1800, but will also
examine papers on late 17th-century or early 19th-century fiction,
particularly when the works are discussed in connection with the eighteenth


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The editors invite contributions on all aspects of imaginative prose in the
period 1700-1800, but are also happy to consider papers on late
seventeenth-century or early nineteenth-century fiction. The languages of
publication are English and French. Articles about the fiction of other
languages are welcomed and comparative studies are particularly encouraged.
The suggested length for manuscripts is 6,000-8,000 words, but longer and
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