[Milton-L] Characterization of Satan

John Hale john.hale at stonebow.otago.ac.nz
Sun Dec 19 14:06:46 EST 2010

Satan is linked with Hector in P Lost very early and very prominently,  
when he says to Beelzebub, "If thou beest he, but O how fallen! How  
changed / from him who etc." etc. This has long been recognised as an  
echo of Aeneas speaking during the fall of Troy to the ghost of  
Hector, Aeneid II. 274.
    It is not a parallel of Satan with Hector, but of Satan (perhaps)  
with Aeneas.  But the echo itself comes intertwined with Isaiah 14. 12  
"How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer".
    The question is, What is there to recognise that is both new and  
true (specific and provable) about the poem by pressing the  
association between Satan and Hector?

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