[Milton-L] Bee similie Pandaemonium

Nancy Charlton pastorale55 at yahoo.com
Thu May 1 13:35:57 EDT 2008

It might be worthwhile to look at Bernard Mandeville's "Fable of the Bees." Though Mandeville (1670-1733) was born around the time of Milton's death, his treatment of the political metaphors of bee colonies turned the traditional ideas upside down, as he concluded that without private immorality or amorality there could be no public benefit. A side issue from Milton, to be sure, but a good paper might be done on the evolution of this metaphor.

Somebody else write it, though; I'm thinking of actually keeping some bees!

Nancy Charlton

Nancy Charlton
      ...while Universal Pan
Knit with the Graces and the Hours in dance
Led on th' Eternal Spring.  (IV.266-268)
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