[Milton-L] Re: AV/KJV
s.baron at starpower.net
Wed Sep 12 18:34:21 EDT 2007
The impetus for a new translation of the Bible came out of the
Hampton Court Conference which was convened in January 1604 (n.s.).
This Conference was to be a debate that the new king, James, was
sponsoring and moderating, in hopes of resolving some of the problems
within the Church of England. Many of these problems had been
pointed out in the Millenarian Petition, so-called because it was
signed by 1000 members of the English clergy, that was delivered to
James while he was still on his trip south to take the throne. There
was a lot of anticipation that James would resolve some of the
problems in the church that Elizabeth had allowed to stew because he
had been raised a presbyterian. But of course it was James who was
the author of the dictum "No bishop, no king."
The Conference was a disappointment for most concerned because it did
not inspire action to redress the grievances. Conventional wisdom
holds that the new translation of the Bible was the only thing of
substance to come out of it.
So, the king was sponsoring the translation. I presume the crown or
the church establishment paid for the translation, although this is
an interesting question. It was printed by the King's printer, who
would not have been printing something like this without authority to
do so. The king was the ultimate authority for allowing works to be
printed, and the church hierarchy also played a major role in
licensing for the press.
It is then a good question, I think, to ask who else would be
expected to authorize it, and in what sense would they be authorizing
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